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What Types of Injuries Occur in Head-on Collisions?

Published: February 17, 2014 402 3:40 pm


A head-on collision typically occurs when one vehicle crosses a center-line or median and crashes into an approaching vehicle. Head-on collisions can also occur when a driver, knowingly or unknowingly, travels the wrong direction in a lane of traffic, perhaps in a construction zone or one-way street. They can also be the result of a driver’s inadvertent actions such as running off the road, or the result of deliberate actions such as a failed passing maneuver on a two-lane road.

Statistics show that while head-on collisions account for only 2.0% of all crashes, they are responsible for 10.1% of all fatal crashes in the United States. The majority of head-on collisions occur on rural roads, especially two-lane undivided roads, and can result in some of the worst injuries related to car accidents.

Injuries Sustained in Head-on Collisions


Few accidents are more catastrophic than a head-on collision. Belted drivers and passengers typically suffer chest and lower limb injuries. Those not wearing seat belts often suffer severe head and facial injuries and more damage to their chest and lower extremities including, the pelvis, legs and feet. Studies show that injuries are far worse for those not wearing seat belts.

Face Injuries


Injuries to the face are common in a head-on collision, and can be caused by the steering wheel, dashboard, airbag, windshield, side window, car seat and shattered glass. These injuries range in severity from bruises and scrapes, to fractures and lacerations, sometimes even serious dental injuries affecting the jaw.

Brain Injuries


Brain injuries are also common in head-on collisions, and can be mild, moderate or severe. Even when there is no visible sign of trauma, the brain may have been jostled inside the skull from the force of the impact causing bruising, bleeding and swelling of the brain.

Neck and Back Injuries


Damage can also occur to the neck, back and spinal cord in a head-on collision. These injuries can be mild such as whiplash and neck strain, or severe tears in the spinal cord tissue causing loss of function and sensation. Back injuries can cause pain and limit mobility. Even though they can take some time after the accident before making themselves obvious, these injuries can be long-lasting and uncomfortable.

The impact of a head-on collision can cause internal injuries including, injuries to bowels, kidneys, the spleen, liver, lungs, heart and aorta. Fractured ribs are also quite common, causing punctured lungs and other internal organs. Psychological injuries can cause emotional distress or persistent anxiety and depression. They can have long-lasting effects on every facet of a person’s life.

Denver Personal Injury and Car Accident Attorney at Your Service


denver-brain-damage-attorney-greg-goldIf you or someone you love was injured in a Colorado head-on accident you will need an experienced and compassionate Colorado car accident injury attorney to handle your case. At the Gold Law Firm, we work hard to achieve the maximum compensation for all of our clients. Contact Gregory A. Gold of the Gold Law Firm today for a free consultation at (303) 694-4653.